Crieff Past and Present Published on the 7th JANUARY 1888
I have chosen a topic which invariably arouses passion and interest when discussed amongst Scots at home and abroad . The Jacobites - followers of the Royal House of Stewart - rose against William and his wife Mary who had been crowned joint monarchs of Scotland England and Wales in 1689 . Their succession was known as the " Glorious Revolution " as it had ousted the Catholic James II of Great Britain and Vll of Scotland .James supporters were known as Jacobites .The revolution may have been glorious in the eyes of the staunch Presbyterians of the Scottish Lowlands particularly those who inhabited the counties of Ayr and Dumfries and Galloway in the south west corner of Scotland . This was the land of the " Covenanters " and who themselves had been victims of persecution in those turbulent days .
There is a degreee of romanticism about the Jacobites and indeed the not so " Bonny " , Prince Charlie ! Hollywood in the 1950s turned out a Brigadoon style stinker on the Prince featuring the so called Scottish David Niven ( he was actually born in London ! ) - film star of yesteryear ! It was a a flop at the box office .
Notwithstanding , Scots , do have a tendency generally to support the Jacobites instead of the Hanoverian " Redcoats " in any reproduction of the skirmishes of the 18th Century . Much of the failings of both the 1714 and 1745 Uprisings are attributable to the incompetence of the Jacobite leaders . In the 1714 " set to ", the incompetence of the Earl of Mar played a not inconsiderable part in its failings . In the 1745 it was the inability of the command to listen to Lord George Murray , an outstanding General , that posted failure . Much of the aftermath of the '45 cast a dark cloud over the country . The brutality of the Duke of Cumberland lived on and he is always known as " Butcher Cumberland " north of the Tweed . Cumberland was the third and youngest son of George ll . The plant known as Sweet William was named after him . In Scotland the name 'Stinking Billy' was applied to a weed by the Highland Scots - it is Ragwort which is smelly and poisonous to horses. Memories are indeed long !
I reproduce below an account about the '45 Uprising and how it affected Crieff . Written in 1888 it recalls a number of facts handed down through local families and accordingly makes history that bit closer ! Read on :
In 1745 the Town was again interested in the Rebellion . The Duke of Perth entered actively into the Uprising but few of his tenants would follow .Some of the young men of Crieff joined the Rebels , amongst them being Lewis Caw, who held a medical appointment in the Highland Army , and is reported to have been a great favourite with Prince Charles, who in the later period of his wanderings in Scotland adopted the name of Lewis Caw .