There were in fact two Unions , the Union of the Crowns in 1603 and the Union of the Parliaments in 1707. The former occurred when Elizabeth 1 died childless and was succeeded by James Vl of Scotland (a second cousin ) who became James 1 of the United Kingdoms of Scotland and England . Both countries continued to have their own Parliaments and separate legal systems .
2. The Darien Scheme
In 1632 Scotland lost Nova Scotia – her only colony – as a resultof the English war against France. England’s Dutch wars subsequently compromised valuable trading privileges upon which Scottish merchants had previously relied. Scottish overseas trading activity was further hampered by the Navigation Act, which cut Scottish ships out of international trade by forbidd…